Mental Health Problems – How To Avert Them?

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By Dr. Indranil Saha, Psychiatry

The mental or psychological condition of a person can refer to mental health. How good or bad mental health is, depends upon the condition and behavior of that person. Good mental health is a sense of wellbeing, confidence and self-esteem.

What are mental health problems?

Mental health problems range from the worries we all experience as part of everyday life to serious long-term conditions. They can be difficult to clearly diagnose, unlike physical illnesses.

Some of the Most Common Mental Health problems include:

  • Anger.
  • Anxiety and panic attacks.
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).
  • Borderline personality disorder.
  • Depression.
  • Dissociative disorder.
  • Drugs: It tells the effect of street drugs such as alcohol, cannabis or cocaine.
  • Eating problems.
  • Hearing voices:About voices, who hears them and how to cope if they are a problem.
  • Hypomania and mania.
  • Loneliness.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
  • Panic attacks.
  • Paranoia.
  • Phobia.
  • Postnatal depression.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Psychotic experiences.
  • Schizophrenia.
  • Self-esteem: Explains how to increase your self-esteem, giving practical suggestions for what you can do and where you can go for support.
  • Self-harm.
  • Sleep problems:Having insomnia and other sleep problems.
  • Stress
  • Suicidal feelings.
  • Tardive dyskinesia.

Causes:

The causes of mental problems:

  1. Genetics (heredity): Mental illnesses sometimes run in families, suggesting that people who have a family member with a mental illness.
  2. Infections: Certain infections have been linked to brain damage and the development of mental illness or the worsening of its symptoms.
  3. Brain defects or injury: Defects in or injury to certain areas of the brain have also been linked to some mental illnesses.
  4. Prenatal damage.
  5. Poor nutrition and exposure to toxins.
  6. Environmental Factors involving setbacks or rebuffs in social or occupational life of a person.

Symptoms:

  • Confused thinking.
  • Prolonged depression (sadness or irritability).
  • Feelings of extreme highs and lows.
  • Excessive fears, worries and anxieties.
  • Social withdrawal.
  • Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits.
  • Strong feelings of anger.
  • Strange thoughts (delusions).
  • Seeing or hearing things that aren’t there (hallucinations).
  • Growing inability to cope with daily problems and activities.
  • Suicidal thoughts.
  • Numerous unexplained physical ailments.
  • Substance abuse.

How can we improve our mental health?

A few tips for positive mental health are:

  1. Talk about or express your feelings.
  2. Exercise regularly.
  3. Eat healthy meals.
  4. Get enough sleep.
  5. Spend time with friends and loved ones.
  6. Develop new skills.
  7. Relax and enjoy your hobbies.
  8. Set realistic goals.
  9. Talk to your GP or a health professional.